Ruth Jacoby is a former Swedish Ambassador to Germany and Italy. Her earlier positions include Director-General for Development Cooperation and Ambassador for Economic and Social Affairs at the Permanent Mission of Sweden to the United Nations. During that period, from 1999 to 2002, she served as Co-Chair of the Preparatory Committee for the International Conference on Financing for Development at the Monterrey Conference, and was instrumental in bringing the negotiations of the Monterrey Consensus to a successful conclusion. Between 1994 and 1997 Ms Jacoby was the Executive Director of the World Bank representing Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Iceland, Latvia, Lithuania, Norway and Sweden. Her earlier positions in the Swedish Ministry for Foreign Affairs included the Trade Department, and the Department for International Development Cooperation, as Head of the Secretariat for Cooperation with Central and Eastern Europe and as Head of the Department for Global Cooperation. She also served for four years at the Swedish Delegation to the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) in Paris. During 1989-90 she was Deputy Assistant Under-Secretary at the Swedish Ministry of Finance with responsibility for debt negotiations. Ms Jacoby received her degrees from Uppsala University, Sweden.